Orthodontics

Orthodontics

Orthodontics deals with the prevention and treatment of malocclusion and maxillofacial defects in children, adolescents and adults. The treatment of malocclusion should be started as early as possible, so that disturbances in the masticatory organ do not lead to permanent dysfunction.

With the help of special apparatuses, appendicectomodal defects are treated, as well as incorrect positioning of the teeth.

Why do we need a proper bite?

Neglected malocclusion can cause many problems. For example, crowding in the teeth makes it difficult to maintain their hygiene, which can lead to tooth decay. However, in the case of malocclusion, caused by incorrect alignment of teeth, frequent complication is their loosening, as well as inflammation within the periodontium. An improper bite can also be the reason for various speech defects, forcing the patient to use a speech therapist’s help.

Untreated malocclusion also over time affects the temporomandibular joints and causes biting and chewing problems, and thus negatively affects the digestive system.

Mobile cameras – are used to treat children. They consist of a plastic (acrylic) plate, which can have various colors and wire elements (loops, screws, clamps), fixing the apparatus to the teeth and responsible for its various functions. Unfortunately, the effect of this treatment is almost completely dependent on the patient’s discipline.

Fixed appliances – the most commonly used devices in the treatment of malocclusion and dental defects in both adults and children. They consist of glued rings and locks as well as arches and other connected elements responsible for the operation of such apparatus. In the treatment of masticatory disorders, physical therapy and exercises of the masticatory muscles are used, performed by the patient at home and in the doctor’s office under the guidance of a doctor and occlusal splints. The goal of the exercise is to restore the correct model of the jaw mobility, and thus the correct load in the joint. The treatment involves: temporomandibular joint dysfunction, clenching and gnashing of teeth, jaws.

Teenager at the orthodontist

In this age group, the best results are obtained by fixed cameras (i.e. those that cannot be removed by yourself). It happens, however, that in the case of simple irregularities, a teenager is treated with removable appliances. The orthodontist always decides on how the treatment will be carried out and which type of apparatus will work best in a given case after careful consideration of many factors (not only physiological, but also psychological).

In some cases, for the optimal treatment effect, the dentist decides to remove one of the crowded teeth.

A significant proportion of young people defend themselves against orthodontic treatment, fearing mockery and rejection from their peers. And although orthodontic appliances have become fashionable in recent years, many teenagers still have a negative attitude towards them. In this case, the dentist should not start treatment at all costs and wait with the device attached to the patient’s informed decision. Orthodontic treatment cannot be carried out under duress, because its positive effect depends on the patient’s proper motivation and determination.

There are several types of occlusal defects that can be caused by various factors. Incorrect tooth positioning can be the result of genetically determined diseases or the effects of harmful factors on fetal development. It can also be the result of rickets or endocrine disorders. Often, improper diet and the so-called bad childhood habits: sucking a finger or a pacifier, biting nails, clenching teeth, habitual biting or clenching of lips, breathing through the mouth, grinding. Caries (and its consequences) is also a threat, as well as jaw fractures and oral injuries that lead to the loss of one or more teeth.

Only a dentist or orthodontist dealing with a specific patient can answer this question. As a rule, orthodontic treatment lasts a year or two, but with some malocclusion it can take much longer.

The orthodontic appliance restores proper occlusion between the jaw and mandible, aligns the teeth and positions them correctly in the dental arch. It works in such a way that it puts pressure on some teeth, forcing them to move slowly within the jaw. After some time, an incorrectly positioned tooth occupies the correct position relative to neighboring and opposing teeth.

Because moving teeth with orthodontic braces is associated with changes in the alveolar bone. In the place where the tooth is displaced, bone tissue gradually disappears. However, in the place from which the tooth was displaced, the jaw bone slowly builds up. Because both processes do not run at the same pace (the bone disappears faster than it rebuilds), that’s why orthodontic treatment is so time consuming and requires constant medical supervision.