Periodontology

Periodontology

It is a field of dentistry dealing with diseases of the tissues surrounding the tooth, i.e. periodontium, and diseases of the oral mucosa. Periodontal problems are manifested, among others, by reddening of the gums and their bleeding, exposure of dental necks and roots, bone atrophy and loosening of teeth, formation of pathological periodontal pockets and associated periodontal abscesses, unpleasant odor from the mouth and loss of teeth in the final stage of the disease. Treatment of periodontal disease requires the implementation of appropriate hygienic procedures carried out both in the office and by the patient at home. Treatment also includes surgical procedures on periodontal tissues, aimed at their beneficial formation, reducing the development of pathogenic pathogens for periodontitis and hindering maintaining good hygiene

Do you know how periodontitis occurs?

Periodontosis is the result of the harmful effects of bacteria that develop on plaque. Harmful microorganisms also colonize the gums, initiating the development of inflammatory processes. They cause, among others periodontitis and enlargement of pathological gingival pockets. Over time, they lead to recession (atrophy) of the gums and to the exposure of the dental roots (periodontitis). This process may result in loosening of the teeth and even bone loss.

To prevent and treat we perform:

  1. Scaling above and subgingival
  2. Sanding
  3. Open and closed curettage
  4. Surgical tooth crown lengthening
  5. Gingivectomy
  6. Correction of overhanging fillings constituting the place of development of pathogenic bacteria
  7. Filling bone defects – controlled tissue regeneration
  8. Detailed oral hygiene instruction

Most often, periodontitis is the result of a lack of oral hygiene. However, there are a number of factors that contribute to this ailment. They are so-called non-modifiable factors (age, race, sex and genotype) – independent of the patient’s lifestyle and behavior. On the other hand, modifiable factors, i.e. factors that depend primarily on our behavior, include diet, nicotinism, acquired general diseases (especially diabetes).

The treatment of periodontitis takes a long time and requires the patient to be very disciplined in maintaining hygiene.

At the intersection of the gums, and then at cleaning and smoothing the surface of the dental roots.

After the anesthesia has gone, the patient may experience some discomfort for several days. Typical post-operative complaints include slight swelling and discoloration of the lip and / or cheek, temporary loss of gingival sensation in the operated area, as well as small amounts of blood in saliva. It also happens that for a few days after the treatment the teeth are very sensitive and strongly react to hot and cold drinks, and sometimes show temporary increased mobility.

The supragingival stone is characterized by a gray-cream color. It most often occurs on the surface of the tooth crown, especially on the lingual surface of the lower incisors and the buccal surface of the upper molars.

In contrast, the subgingival stone – dark brown in color – is located deep in the gum pockets (so it is invisible to the naked eye). In addition, it is definitely harder than supragingival calculus and much more difficult to remove.

Indeed, there are foods that negatively affect the condition of our gums, these are primarily carbonated drinks and products containing carbohydrates. However, the most negative effect is long-term vitamin C deficiency. Its deficiency often ends with periodontitis and subsequent tooth loss.