Aesthetic dentistry

Aesthetic dentistry

However, a beautiful smile does not only consist of white and even teeth. The harmony of the smile is also important, resulting from maintaining appropriate proportions between the size and shape of the teeth and the shape and contour of the gums.

Many patients are not aware of the important role played by the size and shape of the gingival papillae and gums, i.e. the so-called pink aesthetics, in achieving an aesthetic effect, especially in the front section of teeth. Aesthetic dentistry makes it possible to correct the course of the gingival garland line, eliminate gingival recession and pathological gingival overgrowth. These treatments perfectly improve the quality of the smile and the overall appearance of the patient.

To sum up, aesthetic dentistry carries out treatments allowing for the change of the position, shape and colour of teeth, treatments correcting irregularities in the “pink aesthetics” and treatments allowing for the reconstruction of lost teeth.

Aesthetic dentistry includes a variety of treatments that aim to improve the aesthetics of the smile, and thus the appearance of the patient. Teeth incorrectly positioned in the arch (crowded, leaned, rotated, spaced), teeth pathologically worn out or crushed, teeth characterized by abnormal shape (conical, small, after injuries, disproportionately large, not fully developed), and finally – yellow teeth, covered with a plaque or permanently discolored – all these cases can now be corrected and their healthy, natural appearance restored.

The aim of our proceedings is a lasting aesthetic result, therefore we treat cooperation with the patient as an integral part of the treatment process.

Following the Roman maxim “Bene discitur, bene curatur”. (Latin: well diagnosed, well-treated), we put emphasis on thorough diagnostic tests and on their basis we establish a comprehensive treatment plan, often requiring the cooperation of doctors of various specialties: conservative dentist, implantologist, orthodontist, prosthetics, endodontist, surgeon and periodontist.

We always inform the Patient about all the conditions of the planned treatment (also financial), about the assumed time of treatment, possible complications and resulting limitations. Using digital photography and the DSD (Digital Smile Design) procedure, the position and shape of teeth are matched to the lip system and composed in the patient’s face.

A handful of information about the whitening treatment

Patients of dental practices increasingly appreciate the advantage of a beautiful, snow-white smile. They are also increasingly aware that damaged teeth adversely affect their self-esteem and relationships with other people.

Professional teeth whitening methods used by dentists allow to regain a beautiful smile in a relatively short time (maximum 2-3 visits, depending on the type of discoloration and number of destroyed teeth).

Before starting the teeth whitening procedure, the dentist should determine the cause of the discoloration, because determining the factors responsible for changing the natural color of the tooth allows you to choose the most effective treatment method.

The problem of discoloration concerns both milk and permanent teeth. Discolouration may appear on all teeth or occur only in certain places, e.g. on the edges of incisors or just near the gums.

Avoid some products after bleaching

The whitening preparations dilate the porous enamel tissue and increase the susceptibility of the tooth to the absorption of dyes. In order not to lose the whitening effect, the so-called “white diet” should be followed for 2-3 weeks after the procedure.

List of banned products

  1. Absolutely give up coffee, tea, red wine and juices, for which the following fruits were used: blackberries, cherries, red and black currants, elderberries, black berries, chokeberries and raspberries. The list of banned products also includes artificially coloured Coca-Cola drinks.
  2. For a long time forget about beets, red cabbage and spinach. Abstain from eating vegetables containing carotene: tomatoes, corn, carrots and peppers.
  3. Avoid egg yolks and throw away the soup (not only borscht and botulinum, but also tomato, mushroom and fatty broth). Avoid all dark sauces, especially those based on magga or soya sauce.
  4. Do not use spices with an intense color such as curry, turmeric or red pepper.
  5. Do not eat chocolate and all sweets containing artificial colours. These include lollipops, candy bars, jellies.
  6. Just in case, exclude citrus fruits and juices made from them from your diet. Although these fruits do not stain your teeth, they may cause a painful reaction due to temporary hypersensitivity of your teeth after treatment.
  7. For the same reason we avoid preparations for hyperacidity, too cold or too hot drinks.
  8. If you are a smoker, do not smoke at least two days after the treatment. In the next period, the number of cigarettes smoked is limited as much as possible.
  9. Just in case, check the labels of the products you buy and make sure there are no artificial dyes in their composition (they are marked with symbols from E100 to E199). In particular, avoid synthetic organic colorants and inorganic colorants. These substances are most commonly found in instant products – instant soups, jellies and buildings.

What is worth knowing about veneers?

Veneers are permanent prosthetic restorations made of composite or porcelain, used to cover unaesthetic surfaces of upper and lower teeth in the front part of the jaw.

An indication for the use of veneers is underdevelopment of dentine and enamel, cavities and crumbling of the incisal edges of a tooth, diastema (a gap between the front upper ones) or unaesthetic filling in the front teeth. Veneers are also used to lengthen worn teeth and mask discolorations that are difficult to bleach (e.g. after root canal treatment or long-term tetracycline treatment).

To apply the veneer, the dentist must first grind the surface of the tooth. Then he or she applies a thin, several millimetres thick veneer to the tooth prepared in this way, using a special adhesive. During one visit, one or more teeth can be covered with veneers. New teeth clearly rejuvenate the smile and improve the appearance of the face.

Modern whitening methods do not weaken the enamel structure and increase its susceptibility to caries. However, after whitening treatment, temporary hypersensitivity to various stimuli (cold, heat, touch, sweet or salty taste) may occur. This ailment is associated with the penetration of hydrogen peroxide through the enamel and dentine, which, however, is not dangerous for the pulp. Hypersensitivity is eliminated by using fluoride preparations.

If the overlay is properly fitted – i.e. it covers the teeth and does not cover the gums – the gums will remain in the correct condition. However, if the dome covers the gums, they may be irritated. The symptoms will disappear quickly after the cause is removed (overlay correction).

Veneers are not used primarily in patients with occlusal abnormalities and those suffering from short-circuit paraphernalia such as bruxism. The obstacle may also be the missing teeth in the lateral sections of the dental arch, which have not been filled in with e.g. dentures. Veneers are also not applied when the tooth is very damaged or with extensive fillings, and also when the patient does not take sufficient care of oral hygiene.

The durability of veneers depends on the care of your teeth and gums and the quality of your teeth. With an appropriate level of oral hygiene, the durability of a porcelain veneer is set at 8-13 years.